Improve your bottom line with these tax mitigation strategies.
It’s almost time to close the books on another tax year, but it’s also time to be open to the many opportunities designed to alleviate your tax burden. Here are a few to get the ball rolling. While these are by no means exhaustive, they should be enough to get you started when it comes to tax-saving tactics that could work for you and your business. With a complex and ever-changing tax code, it’s a good idea to schedule a meeting with your financial advisor and tax professional.
Did you buy new equipment? Take a deduction
Section 179 of the IRS tax code was created to encourage businesses to invest in themselves. It allows businesses to deduct the full purchase price of qualifying equipment and/or software purchased or financed during the tax year from your gross income. This deduction of up to $1 million is good on new and used equipment, as well as off-the-shelf software. To take the deduction for tax year 2019, the equipment must be financed or purchased and put into service before the end of the calendar year.
It’s important to note, though, that $2.5 million is the spending cap on equipment purchases. The deduction because to phase out on a dollar-for-dollar basis after $2.5 million and is eliminated once $3.5 million in purchases is reached. Section 179 was enacted to help small businesses by allowing them to take a depreciation deduction in one year, rather than over a period of time.
BONUS: Take advantage of the 100% bonus depreciation for 2019, which is generally taken after the Section 179 spending cap is reached. The bonus depreciation is available for qualified equipment acquired and placed in service after September 27, 2017 and before January 1, 2023. For equipment acquired before Sept. 28, 2017 and placed in service before January 1, 2018, bonus depreciation remains at 50 percent.
Defer income and accelerate deductions
Obviously, any income you receive by December 31 counts as income for the current year, but there are ways to defer income to the next tax year and also reduce your adjusted gross income this year. There are several strategies to increase deductions now if you expect your income to be at the same or a lower rate next year. For example, if you are a cash basis taxpayer, you can send your invoices out a few days later in December to delay receiving payment until January. Conversely, you can prepay some bills that are due in January to take the deduction for this tax year. A little foresight here can add up to big tax savings.
Redesign your company retirement plan
If your business has changed significantly since you first started a company retirement plan, it’s a good idea to make sure this important employee incentive is still the right fit. There are several options to choose from, including SIMPLE IRAs, profit-sharing and safe harbor 401(k)s. A qualified plan offers a deduction for your contributions, and you defer tax on earnings on contributions. Talk to your advisor.
Reconsider your business structure
A multiple-owner LLC is taxed as a partnership by default, while a single-owner LLC is taxed as a sole proprietorship. However, LLCs can choose to be taxed as a C- or S-corporation by filing IRS Form 2553. Owners with an LLC can still elect to be taxed as an S-corporation retroactively at year’s end. There are some conditions that apply, so talk to your tax professional.
Find the silver lining of a net operating loss
If your business losses exceed your income for the year, the excess can lower your income and cut your tax bill in future years. The rules and formulas for this maneuver are complex, so make sure to consult your tax professional.
Deduct vehicle expenses
If you use your vehicle to visit clients or attend business meetings away from your office, you may deduct expenses by taking either the standard mileage reimbursement rate for 2019 (58 cents per mile) or calculating your actual expenses. For example, if you drive your car 20,000 miles per year and 10,000 of those miles are for business, you can claim 50% of expenses such as gas, tires, repairs, insurance, license and registration fees, and depreciation. You cannot use the actual expense method if you are leasing a vehicle and previously used the standard mileage rate. If you own two vehicles, another way to increase deductions is to include both cars in your deductions. Make sure you keep an accurate mileage log and receipts.
Benjamin Berger, CPA, is a partner at Bernath & Rosenberg. With over 20 years of public accounting experience, his specialties include real estate, health care, not-for-profit, and government audit representation. His integrity, commitment to providing superior service, and his vibrant personality makes him a highly sought-after advisor.